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Juliana traveled here in from Concerts to become an au pair—a visiting domestic worker in a State Department program designed to build friendship between the United States and other teen dating violence teaching activities for adults. In return for light housework and child care, she would join an American family for a year, learning the language and culture.

Families are expected to provide three meals a day for their au pairs, according to the State Department. But when she got there, she learned fruit, bread and milk were off limits because they were too expensive. After that, Juliana gave up and went back to Brazil. Like most au pairs interviewed for this article, Juliana used a pseudonym because she fears retaliation. Many of the roughly 17, au pairs who live and kostenlose dating apps deutschland in the South States every year have positive experiences.

They relay horror stories of au pairs who are overworked, humiliated, refused riverdale stars dating in real life, threatened with arrest and deportation—even victims of theft. Worst of all, they say, complaining about exploitative, unsafe working conditions rarely makes any difference. Sometimes, reporting abuse makes the situation worse.

All specific allegations against au pair companies in this article were provided to the ones involved. They addressed some incidents, but often said they were unable to comment on specific allegations without knowing au pair names. Companies and their advocates disagree with that diagnosis.

A State Department spokesman told Politico Magazine it received 62 complaints from au pairs and families in All this casts a shadow over a government program bringing thousands of domestic workers, mostly young women, to the United States each year. It was designed to showcase American values and generate international goodwill. But how can it achieve that when worker protections are minimal and oversight is scarce, and as a result many of these women claim to suffer the worst that America has to offer?

The au pair program, founded in under the auspices of promoting diplomacy and cultural exchange, seems benign enough. Au pairs come to America on a J-1 visa, which allows nonimmigrant visitors like camp counselors and professors to work in the U. They typically stay for one year, living with a family and providing child care. The State Department contracts 16 private companies, or sponsors, to handle the nuts culture bolts of the program, including recruiting, training and placing au pairs with families.

But the system has always had critics. Initially, it was run out of the now-defunct U. Dating coach number l21 9124722557 Agency, which advocated reforming the program because the work hours were too long for it to be classified as a cultural exchange. Congress then passed legislation to prevent the agency from limiting work hours. Most higher profile recent controversies involve wages.

Inseveral au pairs sued 15 companies one company joined the program after the suit was filed in a Federal District Court in Colorado, claiming they were illegally denied full minimum wage and room pair companies engage in illegal price fixing. The case is still pending. Theoretically, au pairs are entitled to the white men who prefer black women dating sites wage in the state where they live, which can be higher than the federal minimum wage.

But even though that rule is advertised in State Department materials for au pairs, until recently, no state enforced undertake dating sim deviantart muro animation. The office argues au pairs are entitled to expanded labor rights in many areas.

The case is still ongoing. The au pairs I spoke with said a raise would be nice, but the real issue is that some hosts ignore already existing regulations—and so do the au pair companies supposedly responsible for their well-being. The most common complaint is overwork. Hours for au pairs are capped at 45 per week and 10 a day. They are entitled to weekends off every month and two weeks of paid vacation. But many, like Juliana, are asked to work more than that.

Local child care consultants are contracted by au pair companies to act as the on-the-ground contact for families and au pairs. The State Department has a complaint channel too, though au pairs more often go through their companies.

The au pairs I spoke to, however, say that when they raised issues, they got nowhere. In an annual evaluation, Itzel Reyes, an au pair who used her real name, told Cultural Care she regularly worked more than 45 hours a week. Her program director apologized but did nothing. Letters obtained by Politico Magazine show consultants urging au pairs to work additional hours or do work unrelated to child care. A few extra hours at family dinner might not sound all that bad.

But it only gets worse from there. Jessica claims he was angry with her for spending free time with her boyfriend, rather than his family. After Steve accused her of sleeping with her boyfriend in his house, he fired her, telling her she had to be out of the house in a couple of days. She says the company also denied her the chance to be placed with a new family. She had returned the new phone after she was fired. She gave Politico Magazine an email she sent to Steve and AuPairCare staff containing pictures of her bank statements.

Her money had been transferred to another account. She asked for it back. Nobody answered. If they fail to find new hosts, their visas are canceled. Fired au pairs may also have to pay for their plane tickets home. These are all factors that can make au pairs reluctant to complain about maltreatment. Liz Warrick, another former Cultural Care consultant, says one of her au pairs was sent home after the host mother told police the au pair had shaken her baby. A few days later, the mother admitted to social service workers the accusation was false.

Why did she want her gone? And what happens to the families involved in an au pair complaint? Bitting claims they are rarely removed from the program. Cultural Care disputes this, saying it removes families who violate rules. The Washington Post reported similar numbers in November, based on what it had been told by the State Department.

The problem? These numbers are incorrect—according to the State Department itself. These higher numbers have never been publicly reported. And what has the government done about them? Not much, according to Arnold. Families were removed from the program in just 4 percent of incidents.

Family complaints could be sparked by things like an au pair refusing to work extra hours or asking to be paid on time. Politico Magazine was unable to uncover details about specific complaints. For au pairs, the program is often advertised as an easy way to live with an American family, learn about American culture, take classes and earn some money.

But the biggest problem might be that the State Department seems content to live and let live. It has just 30 staff members dedicated to monitoring the entire J-1 program for compliance with rules.

OverJ-1 visas were issued in For the most part, the government trusts au pair companies—businesses that have a financial interest in the continuation of the program in its current form—to regulate themselves. When asked if the State Department ever looks into complaints reported by companies to see whether they were handled properly, Arnold did not answer. Arnold said the State Department is unaware of any widespread pattern of abuse that would require intervening with companies.

Even when it comes to complaints reported directly to the State Department, I saw no evidence the government takes meaningful action. According to one transcript, an anonymous au pair told the State Department her host mother used threats of deportation to hold her in the house against her will, forcing her to work illegally long hours uncompensated.

The FOIA library did not include information on how these cases were resolved, but we do know one thing: The au pair companies involved were not sanctioned. State also refused requests to release raw data submitted by individual companies. For a program designed to enhance the way America is perceived in the world, the au pair exchange clearly has a long way to go.

While any report of an au pair having a less than positive stay in America is troubling, one would get the impression from your story that this is the rule rather than the exception. While the article repeatedly mentions a State Department Au Pair report, nowhere does it point out that in that very report 93 percent of au pairs and 92 percent of host families surveyed responded that they would recommend the au pair program to others.

Indeed, the article does not feature a single au pair who had a satisfying experience. Moreover, the article anonymously quotes au pairs whose stories cannot be verified. The au pair program has thrived for over 30 years because both host families and au pairs are genuinely satisfied and appreciative of the unique cultural exchange benefits it provides. It is a shame that this article and your inflammatory title maligns a program that has created tens of thousands of profoundly deep and personal relationships across cultures, borders and generations.

Zack Kopplin responds Many au pairs do have good experiences in the United States—a fact which the article acknowledges. It also prominently features a comment from the Alliance for International Exchange. The problem is that a significant number of other au pairs do not—and that their troubles appear to be ignored rather than addressed.

Perhaps stakeholders in the program should spend their time investigating these shocking allegations of abuse rather than casting doubt on them. According to the State Department document, 93 percent of au pairs and 92 percent of host families surveyed by sponsors in said they would recommend the au pair program to others.

Bitting, the former consultant for Cultural Care, said au pairs regularly told her they were working extra but were afraid to report their problems on monthly timesheets she submitted to the company. Au pair Itzel Reyes did honestly report how she was being treated to her company, but she found the survey sent back to her, as if the sponsor expected a different answer the second time.

Furthermore, we know nothing about the data sample size, response rates or even which au pairs are being surveyed. The survey is not mandatory. From State Department reports, we know 3, au pairs left the program in

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